The types effects and elements of pollution

Total terrestrial CO2 in billion tons 2, to 2, Slow removal of CO2 from the atmosphere is done by the oceans, through biological and chemical processes which take decades, if not centuries, to complete.

The types effects and elements of pollution

Pollutant and Greenhouse gas An air pollutant is a material in the air that can have adverse effects on humans and the ecosystem. The substance can be solid particles, liquid droplets, or gases. A pollutant can be of natural origin or man-made.

Pollutants are classified as primary or secondary.

Pollution Facts For Kids

Primary pollutants are usually produced by processes such as ash from a volcanic eruption. Other examples include carbon monoxide gas from motor vehicle exhausts or sulphur dioxide released from the factories. Secondary pollutants are not emitted directly. Rather, they form in the air when primary pollutants react or interact.

Point Sources of Pollution

Ground level ozone is a prominent example of secondary pollutants. Some pollutants may be both primary and secondary: Before flue-gas desulphurization was installed, the emissions from this power plant in New Mexico contained excessive amounts of sulphur dioxide.

Schematic drawing, causes and effects of air pollution: Thermal oxidisers are air pollution abatement options for hazardous air pollutants HAPsvolatile organic compounds VOCsand odorous emissions.

Substances emitted into the atmosphere by human activity include: Carbon dioxide CO2 β€” Because of its role as a greenhouse gas it has been described as "the leading pollutant" [5] and "the worst climate pollution".

Clean Air Act is deemed to regulate CO2 emissions. SO2 is produced by volcanoes and in various industrial processes. Coal and petroleum often contain sulphur compounds, and their combustion generates sulphur dioxide.

The types effects and elements of pollution

Nitrogen oxides NOx β€” Nitrogen oxides, particularly nitrogen dioxideare expelled from high temperature combustion, and are also produced during thunderstorms by electric discharge. They can be seen as a brown haze dome above or a plume downwind of cities.

Nitrogen dioxide is a chemical compound with the formula NO2. It is one of several nitrogen oxides. One of the most prominent air pollutants, this reddish-brown toxic gas has a characteristic sharp, biting odor.

Carbon monoxide CO β€” CO is a colorless, odorless, toxic yet non-irritating gas. It is a product of combustion of fuel such as natural gas, coal or wood. Vehicular exhaust contributes to the majority of carbon monoxide let into our atmosphere.

It creates a smog type formation in the air that has been linked to many lung diseases and disruptions to the natural environment and animals. Inmore than half of the carbon monoxide emitted into our atmosphere was from vehicle traffic and burning one gallon of gas will often emit over 20 pounds of carbon monoxide into the air.

Methane is an extremely efficient greenhouse gas which contributes to enhanced global warming.

The types effects and elements of pollution

Other hydrocarbon VOCs are also significant greenhouse gases because of their role in creating ozone and prolonging the life of methane in the atmosphere. This effect varies depending on local air quality.

The aromatic NMVOCs benzene, toluene and xylene are suspected carcinogens and may lead to leukemia with prolonged exposure.Pollution is defined as "to make something impure"β€”in this case, the fresh water in lakes, streams, and pollution of water restricts its use for some human need or a natural function in the ecosystem.

Radioactive waste (or nuclear waste) is a material deemed no longer useful that has been contaminated by or contains radionuclides. Radionuclides are unstable atoms of an element that decay, or disintegrate spontaneously, emitting energy in the form of radiation. Protocol Registration Data Element Definitions for Interventional and Observational Studies. June 27, Chapter 55 - Environmental Pollution Control ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CONTROL AND PREVENTION. Jerry Spiegel and Lucien Y.

Maystre. Over the course of the twentieth century, growing recognition of the environmental and public health impacts associated with anthropogenic activities (discussed in the chapter Environmental . Published: Mon, 5 Dec The introduction of harmful waste materials, other forms of contamination which are a hazard to the life sustaining atmosphere of the planet earth is commonly known as pollution.

(Click Here for Director's Choice Ideas) Here are just a few ideas that I have collected over time and from the Internet. Possibly some of these will get you going in the right direction on your project.

Science Fair Project Ideas