The Nebraska Medical Center Abstract Community-based alternatives to prison claim to be more effective in reducing recidivism than are traditional prisons, to be cheaper than prisons, and to reduce overcrowding in prisons and jails. This study uses a case study approach of a community based program in the Midwest United States to determine if those community corrections alternatives achieve those results.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access The Effectiveness of Community-Based Corrections Program Essay Sample Correction is believed by many experts to be the most challenging and frustrating component of criminal justice.
There are the challenges of managing the inmates daily as well as the frustrations of inevitable mismanagement at attempting to accomplish multiple goals. New challenges present themselves every day. In a very real sense, employees in a correctional system are doing time the same as the inmates are doing time.
Everything in corrections is done on a large scale because there is an endless stream of prisoners. In the Philippines, the government is facing a severe budgetary crisis that affects the Criminal Justice System most particularly the Corrections Pillar.
It is in a bind due to the economic crisis the country is experiencing. And because of this, in order to improve the peace and order situation and so that the economy could get out of this crisis can only mean improving the law enforcement, prosecution of the offenders and the correctional system of the country.
If this situation will continue, it would only result to increase in crime rates and more and more perpetrators will be placed in jails and in prisons which will increase its population and cannot be effectively rehabilitated because of lack of funds Foronda, Overcrowding in prisons will result if these problems will not be solved or if not be minimized.
Over congestion also brutalizes life in penitentiaries and in provincial jails.
Herding individuals in cramped spaces is cruel, inhuman, ill, degrading, and unjust punishment. Overcrowding is dangerous to health and to human life.
It breeds diseases, breaks down discipline and exacerbates tensions. Having to fight for air and space 24 hours a day make prison, in the words of inmates, a living death. Add dirty tap water, dingy toilets, substandard meals, gang war, lack of prison personnel, favoritism, and having a system built for punishment, not for rehabilitation.
This is not the enlightened approach to penology which is reform geared towards a succeeding productive life upon reentry to the community.
It is a throwback to the 18th century that treated prisoners as animals unfit to renew themselves and rejoin society. Correction is considered as the weakest pillar because of the fact that it fails to rehabilitate offenders who commit again another crimes while serving their sentence.
The above mentioned issues on the correctional institution also exist in Surigao City which made the government find other ways to eradicate and if not be able to minimize these problems and this led to the development of community-based corrections program.
Based on the aforementioned ideas, the researchers are influenced to conduct the study because the idea is that it gives a huge contribution to better quality of life in a sense that this would identify the effectiveness of community-based corrections program in the rehabilitation of the inmates in Surigao City who are under this program and to be able to determine whether or not it fits the correctional goals.
Review of Related Literature This portion of the study reviews books, electronic sources, and other literature which have direct bearing to the present study. They are classified as to foreign and local sources. Corrections is a term used as a social control mechanism for convicted offenders, and it also serves to keep others law abiding.
It includes punitive sentencing policies which contributed much to the correctional growth not just in institutional corrections but to non-institutional corrections as well or what we commonly known as community-based corrections Cromwell, Alarid and del Carmen, It has two main types namely the institutional correction and the non-institutional correction where both have the main goal: Corrections agencies are either institutional jails and prisons or community-based probation, parole, electronic monitoring, and so on.
We recognize the importance of keeping offenders who are dangerous to the public or who have committed violent crimes so heinous that incarceration is a deserved punishment. However, the vast majority of offenders who commit crime should not go to jail or prison because the crime does not warrant imprisonment.
Judges and prosecutors need a variety of punishments from which to choose, and community corrections offer them a variety of sentencing options. The United States currently has the largest number of alternative community-based programs of any nation in the world Locke, The role of prisons or correctional systems as the vast array of prison or prison-related facilities, programs, and services are called is to make society a safer place.
Prisons are based on the idea that some people are so naturally evil that they must be cut off from the rest of society and closely monitored. In theory, however, they should be based on some type of philosophy or basis for punishment — such as deterrence, retribution, reintegration, incapacitation, or rehabilitation.
Throughout most of the twentieth century, the dominant philosophies have been incapacitation, deterrence, and retribution this combination being called the custodial model except for a brief period from to when rehabilitation also called the medical model was experimented with.
United States which allowed judges to sentence defendants without regard to the amenability toward treatment or potential for rehabilitation. The Canadians and Brits are about the only ones left in the world who believe in the correctional rehabilitation of criminals, although there is a trend in contemporary jurisprudence for courts to take a more therapeutic approach Alighieri, Prison overcrowding is a global problem.
Some countries have it worse than the U. Housing more inmates in a cell than what it is designed for is common in the U. Federal judges in many states have ruled since that every prisoner deserves at least 60 square feet of cell space.
The fact is that cell size varies depending upon the type of facility.of community-based corrections, which encompasses probation, parole, and pretrial supervision. However, it could also be an opportunity wasted if care is not taken to bolster the existing capacity of community corrections.
Community based corrections is a program which supervises people who have been convicted or are facing conviction. It is a non-incarcerate system of correction. in community corrections. The contract-ing agency entered the data requested into a spreadsheet.
The data was de-identified prior to being sent to the CEBP, thus al-lowing the CEBP to conduct a blind evalu-effectiveness of community corrections.
Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish).
Community-based alternatives to prison claim to be more effective in reducing recidivism than are traditional prisons, to be cheaper than prisons, and to reduce overcrowding in prisons and jails.
This study uses a case study approach of a community based program in the Midwest United States to determine if those community corrections alternatives achieve those results.
• Community corrections programs are, on the whole, much cheaper than community-based correctional programs than for prison inmates.
The state programs to evaluate the effectiveness of community corrections versus prison. Department of Political Science.