Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Motivation is concerned with the strength and direction of behavior and the factors that influence people to behave in certain ways. Motivating other people is about getting them to move in the direction you want them to go in order to achieve a result. Motivating yourself is about setting the direction independently and then taking a course of action that will ensure that you get there.
By Saul McLeodupdated Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five-tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid.
Needs lower down in the hierarchy must be satisfied before individuals can attend to needs higher up. From the bottom of the hierarchy upwards, the needs are: The first four levels are often referred to as deficiency needs D-needsand the top level is known as growth or being needs B-needs.
Deficiency needs arise due to deprivation and are said to motivate people when they are unmet. Also, the motivation to fulfill such needs will become stronger the longer the duration they are denied.
For example, the longer a person goes without food, the more hungry they will become. Maslow initially stated that individuals must satisfy lower level deficit needs before progressing on to meet higher level growth needs. When a deficit need has been 'more or less' satisfied it will go away, and our activities become habitually directed towards meeting the next set of needs that we have yet to satisfy.
These then become our salient needs. However, growth needs continue to be felt and may even become stronger once they have been engaged.
Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to grow as a person. Once these growth needs have been reasonably satisfied, one may be able to reach the highest level called self-actualization.
Every person is capable and has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization. Unfortunately, progress is often disrupted by a failure to meet lower level needs.
Life experiences, including divorce and loss of a job, may cause an individual to fluctuate between levels of the hierarchy. Therefore, not everyone will move through the hierarchy in a uni-directional manner but may move back and forth between the different types of needs.
The original hierarchy of needs five-stage model includes: Maslowstated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs and that some needs take precedence over others.
Our most basic need is for physical survival, and this will be the first thing that motivates our behavior.
Once that level is fulfilled the next level up is what motivates us, and so on. Physiological needs - these are biological requirements for human survival, e. If these needs are not satisfied the human body cannot function optimally. Maslow considered physiological needs the most important as all the other needs become secondary until these needs are met.
Safety needs - protection from elements, security, order, law, stability, freedom from fear. Love and belongingness needs - after physiological and safety needs have been fulfilled, the third level of human needs is social and involves feelings of belongingness.
The need for interpersonal relationships motivates behavior Examples include friendship, intimacy, trust, and acceptance, receiving and giving affection and love.
Affiliating, being part of a group family, friends, work. Esteem needs - which Maslow classified into two categories: Maslow indicated that the need for respect or reputation is most important for children and adolescents and precedes real self-esteem or dignity.
Self-actualization needs - realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences. Maslow posited that human needs are arranged in a hierarchy: This is what we mean by saying that the basic human needs are organized into a hierarchy of relative prepotency" Maslow,p.
Maslow continued to refine his theory based on the concept of a hierarchy of needs over several decades Maslow, Maslow noted that the order of needs might be flexible based on external circumstances or individual differences.Jul 19, · 2.
Motivation Essay Motivation Essay - Words. Why is the study of different theories of motivation important to managers? Introduction To be motivated means to be moved to do something. WEEKLY ESSAY CHALLENGES – WEEKLY ESSAY CHALLENGES – WEEKLY ESSAY CHALLENGE – (The following post was created when Essay Challenge was first started)In the newly introduced pattern for the UPSC Civil Services Main examination, the Essay paper has been given high priority..
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In the case study for Siemens and Klaus Kleinfeld the Expectancy Theory and the Goal Setting Theory are used. Kleinfeld was motivated and he helped motivate all . 1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, 2 saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews?
for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him. 3 When Herod the king had heard these things. We will write a custom essay sample on Motivation and Team Case Study specifically for you for only $ $/page. Employee Motivation Case Study Essay PROBLEM STATEMENT How can the management motivate its existing employee without giving financial benefits?
OBJECTIVES To be able to know if implementing a competency-based planning program is a good strategy to boost up the morale and increase motivation of the employees.