To be sure, the telephone and more high-tech methods of electronic communication now allow us to carry on conversations without leaving our homes or offices. Nevertheless, people value opportunities to meet in person to exchange ideas.
Efforts in the lodging segment of the hospitality industry appear to be focused heavily on green building and on environmental sustainability practices to enhance economic sustainability and students of hospitality and tourism must understand how to apply these principles and practices if they are to become industry leaders and managers of sustainability.
Specific examples of these efforts are helpful for grasping how these principles and practices can be applied. For example, Marriott, Inc.
This large lodging company, with over 3, lodging properties, 17 brands and more thanemployees around the globe, has focused its sustainability efforts in five areas. Energy, water, waste and carbon -Reducing the consumption of water, waste, and energy in their hotels and corporate headquarters; 2.
The supply chain- partnering with their vendors to use price-neutral products that save energy, decrease waste, and improve waste diversion, and that are made of one or more environmentally friendly substances; 3.
Green hotels- connecting with their business partners to expand LEED -certified buildings across the Marriott company; 4. Engaging guests and associates- inviting guests and associates to help the environment through their own routine activities in their homes and workplaces, and while travelling; and 5.
Efforts beyond their hotels—conservation by supporting innovative initiatives including rainforest protection and water conservation. In addition to being good for the community, these practices can be good for business. Caring appears to be an important part of the corporate culture of a number of hotel firms such as HyattMarriottStarwoodand Wyndham Sustainability Education in the Meetings and Events Sector: The meetings, conventions, and special events sector of the hospitality industry provides leadership in sustainable practices and students need to be well versed in this area of sustainability, too.
The Green Meeting Industry Council is a global, non-profit organization that advances sustainability in the meetings industry and is a member of the Convention Industry Council its website is the following: A very useful guide for both novice and experienced event planners is the Green Event Manual created by the Bridge the Gap program in Kansas City, Missouri.
Environmental Protection Agency a promotes sustainable meetings on its website and, in the industry itself, Meeting Professionals International MPI embraces corporate social responsibility CSR and the triple bottom line of people, planet, and profit.
MPI has launched a carbon offset program and promotes sustainable meetings. Meeting close by—reduce distances traveled by speakers and delegates by choosing a site that is close to as many delegates as possible; choose a venue and hotel that are close to the airport and within walking distance of each other.
Encouraging the use of public transportation—encourage mass transit, carpooling, walking, and cycling whenever possible. Purchasing responsibly—check to see if the venue is reducing consumption of non-renewable resources; check to see if the venue has Green Seal Certification and sustainability practices are in place.
Practicing the 3Rs—ask the host hotel and meeting venue to provide visible and accessible reduction, reuse, and recycling services for paper, metal, plastic, and glass; recycle onsite.
Bulking up—have the food and beverage service provider use bulk dispensers for sugar, salt, pepper, cream, and other condiments. Eating green—include vegetarian meals and have meals planned using local, seasonal produce.
Closing the recycling loop—have all printed materials published on recycled paper, using vegetable-based inks, and on both sides of the page. Saving energy—coordinate with the meeting venue to ensure that energy lights and air conditioning will be turned off when rooms are not in use.
Conserving water—choose a property that offers a linen reuse program, water saving devices, and wastewater recycling. Offering carbon offsets—provide a carbon-offsetting program to guests; carbon footprint calculators web-based tools can determine the amount of CO2 emitted by the facility and activities required to host an event; the formulas calculate the cost of an investment in renewable energy sufficient to balance or cancel out the emissions from an event.
Being grateful—thank all of those involved in the meeting or event from those employed at the site, to every volunteer, vendor, performer, speaker, and partner, etc. Spreading the word—tell delegates, speakers, and the media about the success of a sustainable meeting or event; sustainability efforts are contagious.
Sustainability Education in the Food and Beverage Sector: Sustainability in the food and beverage segment of the hospitality industry involves consumer and operator decisions and behaviors. This segment of the industry has become very active in sustainability efforts and students must learn about these efforts to practice as sustainable leaders and managers in the industry.
Efforts have focused on engaging in environmentally and socially responsible actions that also provide economic benefits to businesses.
Use local, seasonally available ingredients to minimize energy use and support the local economy ; Specify food from farming systems that minimize harm to the environment such as certified organic produce, and from farmers who practice sustainable farming techniques ; Limit foods of animal origin because meat, eggs, and dairy production are highly significant uses of resources, etc.
Its emphasis focuses on energy conservation in restaurant operations and these are important practices for students to be able to apply. Install motion detectors in storerooms, offices, and restrooms.
Set lights on timers. Fix Leaks —Repair leaky faucets and toilets. Stop air leaks by caulking and insulating around leaky windows and doors and installing energy curtains in freezer rooms.
Replace traditional exit signs with LED exit lighting. Recycle paper, plastics, glass, and aluminum. Unplug —When not in use, unplug computers, electronics, coffee machines, POS system, and any small appliances.
Use Less Water —Serve customers water upon request. Run dishwashers, washing machines only when full.Answer. Answering "What are the historical development of hospitality industry in late 19th centuryth century.
History. Tourism was not always the top industry in Jamaica. For a long time, agriculture was the leading revenue generator.
It was after s that going to places of interest were really discovered by the government of Jamaica and has since seen major developments and investments from local and overseas investors. Course description: This course is designed for an exploration of the hospitality industry with emphasis on history and development.
Such elements will include lodging providers, food and beverage service providers, travel agencies, transport service providers, attractions providers, event coordinators and natural environment agencies.
Because event planning is a relatively new occupation, there are no formal entry requirements, but employers often want job candidates to have a college degree, and a major in hospitality services is especially relevant.
discussions at the Global Dialogue Forum on new developments and challenges in the hospitality and tourism sector and their impact on employment, human resources development and industrial relations. History of the Lodging Industry» COLONIAL TIMES TO WORLD WAR II  Inns, Rooming Houses, and Grand Hotels The first lodging facilities developed in the United States were coaching inns and taverns.
Patterned resurgence in hotel development, which lasted until the early s.  Overdevelopment in the s.