Economy of India under the British RajAgriculture in Indiaand Timeline of major famines in India during British rule From the late nineteenth century through the Great Depressionsocial and economic forces exerted a harmful effect on the structure of Bengal's income distribution and the ability of its agricultural sector to sustain the populace. These included a rapidly growing population, increasing household debt, stagnant agricultural productivity, increased social stratification, and alienation of the peasant class from their landholdings. These processes left social and economic groups mired in poverty and indebtedness, unable to cope with the economic shocks they faced in andin the context of the Second World War. By far the most important is the winter crop of aman rice, sown in May and June and harvested in November and December.
Even after two weeks of rescue operations uncertainty prevails over the number of casualties and people still stuck in what is described as the worst natural disaster that has ever struck the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand.
The Chief Minister of the mountainous state, Vijay Bahugunasays that the exact number of deaths in the calamity will never be known as estimates of the actual casualties vary from hundreds to several thousands. One senior official claims that the death toll could exceed 10, According to state officials, 3, people are still missing from the region.
This is one of the reasons that the tragedy in the tiny state has impacted the whole nation.
Click here to subscribe for full access. During peak season every year hordes of pilgrims come from across India and abroad to visit hilly pilgrimage centers accessible only by small roads, which believers travel with the help of mules.
For Hindus, the journey to the four shrines carries a similar level of importance as Haj does for Muslims. The inaccessibility of the terrain and breakdown in communication made it difficult to assess the enormity of the damage in the first few days after incessant rain started on June Subsequent cloudbursts wiped out town after town and ravaged hundreds of villages.
The tsunami killed many, but it came and was gone. Here, the bigger challenge has come after the devastation with the rescue operation; to bring people stranded in the middle of nowhere to a safer zone.
The government panicked initially when it saw the magnitude of the devastation.
At the center of the hardest hit area was the temple town of Kedarnath, 11, feet above sea level. News reports suggest that at least 10, to 12, people visit the hilly town every day during the peak pilgrimage season.
The latest figures released by the Uttarakhand government indicated that 2, villages were affected by floods and landslides, of which are still cut off, but are receiving relief supplies.
Based on first-hand information, Palijor said that hundreds of villages lying on both sides of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers have been all but washed off the map, with little hope of rehabilitation. It will take between weeks and months until rescue operations are completed, and years before the state can be rebuilt.
Inthe state experienced severe drought. And inpeople grappled with floods, flash floods, landslides and cloudbursts.
But the severity of the tragedy hitting the state this time has raised some very valid questions: How much of the devastation is the result of climate change? And to what it extent was it induced by unplanned development by the state?
Because of the way development has been going on in the state, this disaster was just waiting to happen. You cannot change the course of the two important rivers — Bhagirathi and Alaknanda — and expect nature to accept this tampering.
The state hosted Since then, the four pilgrimage centers saw a fourfold increase in the number of pilgrims as year-round access to the shrines — previously restricted to four months — was allowed.
Further, sincethe number of registered taxis and jeeps in the state has jumped tenfold. Meanwhile, sincethe state has built an additional 4, km of road, and has nearly tripled its total road length in the past decade.Rajya Sabha TV discussions, the Big Picture videos and summaries.
UPSC Question Paper – CSE Prelims Question Paper General Studies Paper 1 (Test Booklet Series A) 1) Consider the following statements: In the first Lok Sabha, the single largest party in the opposition was the Swatantra Party.
The Uttarakhand Tragedy In June , a multi-day cloudburst centered on the North Indian state of Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides in the .
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So, check out the latest IPS Syllabus PDF as well . Uttarakhand floods: is the disaster human-induced? Call the monitor Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, two hill states in the Himalayan range, are so far the worst hit by the extreme rains that struck northern India in the wake of monsoons that set in early this year.