These words may seem straightforward, easily understandable, and maybe even seem to have very little to do with world history, but sadly that is a false statement. These simple words that do not mean much to us now, but once long ago helped civilizations grow and culture to expand across the eastern hemisphere, which lead to the reaches of the rest of the world. These so called unimportant words set the atmosphere for civilization hundreds of years to come.
|Mesopotamian Civilization vs Indus Valley Civilization by mixz jade on Prezi||Actual White History Ever since their ascension to power in Europe some two hundred years ago, the European Albinos have dedicated all of their time and energies towards substantiating their bogus European and African history, with falsified artifacts and vicarious texts, rather than collecting data and artifacts from their own actual Asian history. This behavior is new and strange, and so cannot be understood by the non-Albino mind.|
|Related Questions||All three were river civilizations, that is dependent on particular rivers for their survival; all three were monotheistic, but similarities end there. The Egyptian Civilization revered the Nile; hymns to the Nile such as the following were commonplace:|
Phylogeny of R1b If you are new to genetic genealogy, please check our Introduction to phylogenetics to understand how to read a phylogenetic tree. This haplogroup has been identified in the remains of a 24, year-old boy from the Altai region, in south-central Siberia Raghavan et al.
This individual belonged to a tribe of mammoth hunters that may have roamed across Siberia and parts of Europe during the Paleolithic. The oldest forms of R1b M, P25, L are found dispersed at very low frequencies from Western Europe to India, a vast region where could have roamed the nomadic R1b hunter-gatherers during the Ice Age.
The southern branch, R1b1c V88is found mostly in the Levant and Africa.
The northern branch, R1b1a Pseems to have originated around the Caucasus, eastern Anatolia or northern Mesopotamia, then to have crossed over the Caucasus, from where they would have invaded Europe and Central Asia.
R1b1b M has only been found in Anatolia. Neolithic cattle herders It has been hypothetised that R1b people perhaps alongside neighbouring J2 tribes were the first to domesticate cattle in northern Mesopotamia some 10, years ago.
R1b tribes descended from mammoth hunters, and when mammoths went extinct, they started hunting other large game such as bisons and aurochs.
With the increase of the human population in the Fertile Crescent from the beginning of the Neolithic starting 12, years agoselective hunting and culling of herds started replacing indiscriminate killing of wild animals.
The increased involvement of humans in the life of aurochs, wild boars and goats led to their progressive taming. Cattle herders probably maintained a nomadic or semi-nomadic existence, while other people in the Fertile Crescent presumably represented by haplogroups E1b1b, G and T settled down to cultivate the land or keep smaller domesticates.
The analysis of bovine DNA has revealed that all the taurine cattle Bos taurus alive today descend from a population of only 80 aurochs. This is presumably the area from which R1b lineages started expanding - or in other words the "original homeland" of R1b. The early R1b cattle herders would have split in at least three groups.
One branch M remained in Anatolia, but judging from its extreme rarity today wasn't very successful, perhaps due to the heavy competition with other Neolithic populations in Anatolia, or to the scarcity of pastures in this mountainous environment.
A second branch migrated south to the Levant, where it became the V88 branch. Some of them searched for new lands south in Africa, first in Egypt, then colonising most of northern Africa, from the Mediterranean coast to the Sahel. The third branch Pcrossed the Caucasus into the vast Pontic-Caspian Steppe, which provided ideal grazing grounds for cattle.
They split into two factions: It is not yet clear whether M73 actually migrated across the Caucasus and reached Central Asia via Kazakhstan, or if it went south through Iran and Turkmenistan.
R1b-M the most common form in Europe is closely associated with the diffusion of Indo-European languages, as attested by its presence in all regions of the world where Indo-European languages were spoken in ancient times, from the Atlantic coast of Europe to the Indian subcontinent, which comprised almost all Europe except Finland, Sardinia and Bosnia-HerzegovinaAnatolia, Armenia, European Russia, southern Siberia, many pockets around Central Asia notably in Xinjiang, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Afghanistanwithout forgetting Iran, Pakistan, northern India and Nepal.
The history of R1b and R1a are intricately connected to each others.Egypt’s Nile Valley Basin Irrigation Sandra Postel (excerpted from Pillar of Sand) In striking contrast to the early Indus civilization and those of Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria in. B.C.
MEDIUM DEVELOPMENTS. B.C. - Boiled tree-sap, called pitch, was distilled into turpentine as a paint thinner for the resin paints. Also, alcohol was fermented as a drink and as a thinner for alcohol-based paints, made from another tree-sap or grapes.
In striking contrast to the early Indus civilization and those of Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria in Mesopotamia, the great Egyptian civilization in the Nile River valley has sustained itself for some 5, years without interruption.
The Hindu Kush (/ k ʊ ʃ, k uː ʃ /), also known in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus (Ancient Greek: Καύκασος Ινδικός) or Paropamisadae (Ancient Greek: Παροπαμισάδαι), in Pashto and Persian as هندوکش , is an kilometre-long ( mi) mountain range that stretches near the Afghan-Pakistan border, from central Afghanistan to northern Pakistan.
Geographic distribution. Distribution of haplogroup R1b in Europe.
R1b is the most common haplogroup in Western Europe, reaching over 80% of the population in Ireland, the Scottish Highlands, western Wales, the Atlantic fringe of France, the Basque country and Catalonia. TCI’s online History Alive! programs transform middle school social studies class into a multi-faceted learning experience.
TCI lessons start with a big idea — Essential Question — and incorporate graphic notetaking, groupwork, and step-by-step discovery.