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Hezbollah was conceived by Muslim clerics and funded by Iran primarily to harass the Israeli occupation. Scholars differ as to when Hezbollah came to be a distinct entity. Various sources list the official formation of the group as early as     whereas Diaz and Newman maintain that Hezbollah remained an amalgamation of various violent Shi'a extremists until as late as These designations are considered to be synonymous with Hezbollah by the US,  Israel  and Canada.
Hezbollah played a significant role in the Lebanese civil waropposing American forces in —83 and opposing Amal and Syria during the —88 War of the Camps. However, Hezbollah's early primary focus was ending Israel 's occupation of southern Lebanon  following Israel's invasion and siege of Beirut.
We were accepted with perfumed rice and flowers by the Shia in the south. It was our presence there that created Hezbollah". Unlike its uncompromising revolutionary stance in the s, Hezbollah conveyed a lenient stance towards the Lebanese state.
Former Hezbollah secretary general, Subhi al-Tufaylicontested this decision, which led to a schism in Hezbollah. Hezbollah won all twelve seats which were on its electoral list. At the end of that year, Hezbollah began to engage in dialog with Lebanese Christians.
Hezbollah regards cultural, political, and religious freedoms in Lebanon as sanctified, although it does not extend these values to groups who have relations with Israel. According to certain sources, IJO was identified as merely a "telephone organization",   and whose name was "used by those involved to disguise their true identity.
Ideology of Hezbollah Back in the s, the ideology of Hezbollah was described as radical. It is presented in the manifesto. The first objective was fighting against American and Israeli imperialismfreedom of the occupied Southern Lebanon and all other occupied territories.
The second objective was to gather all Muslims in the concept of ummah ; then Lebanon would continue the Revolution of Iran. It also declared it would protect all Lebanese communities except the ones which collaborated with Israel, and supported all national movements—Muslim or non-Muslim—throughout the world.
The Ideology has been changed, and today Hezbollah is a left-wing political entity focused on social injustice. Translated excerpts from Hezbollah's original manifesto read: We are the sons of the umma Muslim community We are an ummah linked to the Muslims of the whole world by the solid doctrinal and religious connection of Islam, whose message God wanted to be fulfilled by the Seal of the Prophetsi.
As for our culture, it is based on the Holy Quranthe Sunna and the legal rulings of the faqih who is our source of imitation Hezbollah foreign relationsIslamic Resistance Support OrganizationLebanon hostage crisisand Hezbollah armed strength From the inception of Hezbollah to the present,   the elimination of the State of Israel has been one of Hezbollah's primary goals.In , the CIA desposed the democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran to install their own pro-US puppet monarchy.
The monarchy could not last, of course, and was overthrown in by a Islamic movement led by Ayatollah Khomeini. Hezbollah (pronounced / ˌ h ɛ z b ə ˈ l ɑː /; Arabic: حزب الله Ḥizbu 'llāh, literally "Party of Allah" or "Party of God")—also transliterated Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc.
—is a Shi'a Islamist political party and militant group based in Lebanon. Hezbollah's paramilitary wing is the Jihad Council, and its political wing is Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc party in the. PLO (Munazzimat al-Tahrir al-Filastiniyya).
The PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) is the umbrella organization of the Palestinian Resistance. PLO was founded with Egyptian backing, under Ahmed Shukhairy as chairman. By , Hezbollah had crystallised its own dogma in a founding document, which addressed the " downtrodden of Lebanon " and named the Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran as its one true leader.
Hezbollah chief Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah in one of his televised speeches commemorating the demise anniversary of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s founder Ayatollah Khomeini described how the Islamic resistance in Lebanon was stimulated by the movement of the Imam: “Following the path of the Islamic Revolution, we managed to defeat the Zionist enemy that had occupied Lebanese lands for over a .
Hezbollah was largely formed with the aid of the Ayatollah Khomeini's followers in the early eighties in order to spread Islamic revolution and follows a distinct version of Islamic Shi'a ideology ("Willayat Al-Faqih") developed by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, leader of the Islamic Revolution in Iran.